Manabu Arai

PhD in Psychology

(Last updated in June 2018)

Associate Professor
Faculty of Economics, Seijo University (official homepage)

Also a guest researcher at Laboratory for Language Development, RIKEN Brain Science Institute.

e-mail: manabu-arai*seijo_ac_jp (replace asterisk for at mark and underscore for period)

Address:
Faculty of Economics
Seijo University
6-1-20 Seijo, Setagaya-ku
Tokyo, 157-8511
Tel. 03-3482-9377


Research interests

I am interested in human sentence processing with particular focus on processing of syntactic information. My recent research investigates how readers or listeners use both lexically specific and independent syntactic information in processing ambiguous sentence structures in English and Japanese. In particular, I am interested in how incremental the processing of these typologically different languages is. Some of my studies using visual scenes and auditory stimuli with an eye-tracking technique (called ‘visual world paradigm’) examined anticipatory eye-movements and showed evidence for pre-head syntactic processing in Japanese. Furthermore, I am currently involved in studies on joint action communication, syntactic processing and learning in children and in L2 speakers, and influence of prosody on parsing.


Education

2006 PhD, Psychology, University of Dundee, UK.

2002 MSc, Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, University of Edinburgh, UK.

2001 BA, English Language and Literature, School of Education, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.


Employment

September 2015 - present. Full-time faculty member, Faculty of Economics, Seijo University

April 2013 - August 2015. Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Language and Information Sciences, University of Tokyo

April 2010 - March 2013. JSPS Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Language and Information Sciences, University of Tokyo

May 2009 - March 2010. Research Scientist, Special Appointment Employee, Laboratory for Language Development, RIKEN Brain Science Institute (PI: Prof. Reiko Mazuka)

September 2008 - April 2009. Postdoctoral Research Fellow, School of Philosophy, Psychology & Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh (PI: Dr. Ellen Gurman Bard)

August 2007 - June 2008. Postdoctoral Research Fellow, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh (PI: Dr. Frank Keller)

November 2005 - July 2007. Postdoctoral Research Fellow, School of Philosophy, Psychology & Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh (PI: Prof. Martin Pickering)

January 2003 - December 2004. Research Assistant (part-time), University of Dundee


Teaching at other institutes

September 2013 - March 2017. Statistics (part-time), Department of Global and Interdisciplinary Studies, Hosei University.

April 2012 - August 2016. The Psychology of Language (part-time), Department of Global and Interdisciplinary Studies, Hosei University.

September 2013 - March 2016. Behavioural Science (part-time), Department of Engineering and Design, Shibaura Institute of Technology.

September 2012 - August 2015. Comprehensive English & Communicative English (part-time), Department of Engineering and Design, Shibaura Institute of Technology.

April 2013 - March 2014. Psycholinguistics (part-time), Faculty of Letters, Hosei University.

December 2012 - March 2013. Research methods and statistical techniques (part-time), College of Japanese Language and Culture, University of Tsukuba.

April 2012 - September 2012. Statistical methods (part-time), College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo.

October 2011 - September 2012. English I (part-time), Showa University School of Nursing.

November 2010 - December 2010. Introductory Statistics (part-time), College of Japanese Language and Culture, University of Tsukuba.


Peer-reviewed publications and proceedings

  1. R. P. G. van Gompel, & Arai, M. Structural priming in bilinguals Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 21, 448-455, 2018.
  2. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728917000542

  3. Arai, M., & Roland, D. Statistical analysis of eye-movement data and reading time data in language comprehension research. Proceedings of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics. 2017. *Text in Japanese
  4. Yamada, T., Arai, M., & Hirose, Y. Unforced revision in processing relative clause association ambiguity in Japanese: Evidence against Revision as Last Resort. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. 2017.

  5. Arai, M., & Nakamura, C. It’s harder to break a relationship when you commit long. PLoS ONE. 2016.
  6. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156482

  7. Nakamura, C., & Arai, M. Persistence of initial misanalysis with no referential ambiguity. Cognitive Science. published online, 2015.
  8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12266

  9. Arai, M., Nakamura, C, & Mazuka, R. Predicting the unbeaten path through syntactic priming, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2015.
  10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038389

  11. Ishikawa, M., Arai, M., & Hirose, Y. Shared structural representations for short and full passives in Japanese children and adults, Proceedings of FAJL 7. MITWPL. 101-112, 2014.
  12. Bard, E. G., Hill, R., Foster, M. E., & Arai, M. Tuning accessibility of referring expressions in situated dialogue. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. 29, 928-949, 2014.
  13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23273798.2014.895845

  14. Ito, K., Arai, M., & Hirose, Y. The interpretation of phrase-medial prosodic prominence in Japanese: Is it sensitive to visual and discourse context? Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. 30, 167-196, 2015.
  15. http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/7nFFC7D7mkK4r6N9CHkE/full#.Ut4A19KAbs0

  16. Arai, M. & Mazuka, R. The development of Japanese passive syntax as indexed by structural priming in comprehension. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 67, 60-78, 2014.
  17. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17470218.2013.790454#.Ud4Q_ztM8rU

  18. Nakamura, C., Arai, M., & Harada, Y. The Use of Verb Subcategorization Information in Processing Garden-Path Sentences: A Comparative Study on Native Speakers and Japanese EFL Learners. Studies in Language Sciences: Journal of the Japanese Society for Language Sciences. 12, 43-69. 2013.
  19. Arai, M., & Keller, F. The use of verb-specific information for prediction in sentence processing. Language and Cognitive Processes, 28, 525-560. 2013.
  20. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01690965.2012.658072

  21. Arai, M. What can head-final languages tell us about syntactic priming (and vice versa)? Language and Linguistics Compass. 545-559. 2012.
  22. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lnc3.353/abstract

  23. Nakamura, C., Arai, M., & Mazuka, R. Immediate use of prosody and context in predicting a syntactic structure. Cognition. 125, 317-323. 2012.
  24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2012.07.016

  25. Nakamura, C. & Arai, M. Preservation of the Initial Analysis in Absence of Pragmatic Inference with Japanese Relative Clause Sentences. In Proceedings of the CogSci 2012. Hokkaido, Japan. 2012.
  26. Van Gompel, R. P. G., Arai, M., and Pearson, J. The representation of mono- and intransitive structures. Journal of Memory and Language. 66, pp.384-406. 2012.
  27. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749596X11001173

  28. Bard, E. B., Hill, R., & Arai, M. Referring and Gaze Alignment: Accessibility is Alive and Well in Situated Dialogue. In Proceedings of the CogSci 2009. Amsterdam, Netherlands. 2009.
  29. http://csjarchive.cogsci.rpi.edu/proceedings/2009/papers/283/index.html

  30. Carminati, M-N., Van Gompel, R. P. G., Scheepers, C. & Arai, M. Syntactic priming in comprehension: The role of argument order and animacy. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 34, pp.1098-1110. 2008.
  31. http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/xlm/34/5/1098/

  32. Arai, M., Van Gompel, R. P. G. & Scheepers, C. Priming ditransitive structures in comprehension. Cognitive Psychology. 54, pp.218-250. 2007.
  33. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010028506000570

  34. Arai, M., Van Gompel, R. P. G. & Pearson, J. Representing verb transitivity information: Evidence from syntactic priming. In Proceedings of the Interdisciplinary Workshop on the Identification and Representation of Verb Features and Verb Classes. Saarbrucken, Germany. pp.1-6. 2005.


Publications and proceedings with no peer-review

  1. 新井学,「第二言語の理解と学習における誤りの重要性」, 成城大学『経済研究』, 2016年11月刊行
  2. 中村智栄, 新井学, 原田康也. 日本人英語学習者の関係節文理解におけるプロソディー情報の影響. 日本英語教育学会第44回年次研究集会論文集, 採録決定済.
  3. 中村智栄, 新井学, 原田康也. 日本人英語学習者の構造的曖昧文処理における初分析保持の影響. 日本英語教育学会第42回年次研究集会論文集, pp53-56, 2013.
  4. 中村智栄, 新井学, 原田康也. 日本人英語学習者のガーデンパス文処理における動詞の下位範疇情報知識の使用. 日本英語教育学会第41回年次研究集会論文集, pp43-48. 2012.
  5. 中村智栄, 新井学. 日本語ガーデンパス文における処理負荷と初分析理解保持の関係性. 日本言語学会第143回大会予稿集, 280-285. 2011.
  6. 中村智栄, 新井学, 馬塚れい子. ガーデンパス文処理における視覚情報と韻律情報の交互作用-視覚世界パラダイムを用いた予測的眼球運動計測実験-. 日本認知科学会第28回大会予稿集, pp36-40. 2011.


Invited talks

  1. 「眼球運動測定による注視時間データと反応時間としての読み時間データの分析」, コーパス日本語学ワークショップ2015・サテライトシンポジウム「統計的言語研究の現在」、 国立国語研究所、2015年9月.
  2. 「線形混合モデルを用いた眼球運動データ解析」、日本認知科学会ワークショップ「t検定・分散分析から混合モデルへ:文理解研究における導入例から学ぶ」、第29回日本認知科学会、東北大学、2012年12月.
  3. 「日本語ガーデンパス文における漸次的処理の解明」, 認知神経心理学研究会シンポジウム「眼球運動測定による文処理研究」, 第14回認知神経心理学研究会, 名古屋大学、2011年9月.
  4. 「予測的眼球運動を指標とした言語心理学研究」, 日本心理学会ワークショップ「言語認知研究再考-「視覚世界パラダイム」を用いたアイトラッキング」, 第73回日本心理学会, 立命館大学, 2009年8月.


International conference presentations (all peer-reviewed)

  1. Arai, M. Importance of making (prediction) errors in L2 processing. Poster presented at the 22nd Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Bilbao, Spain, September 2016.
  2. Arai, M., Chang, F., & Ishikawa, M. Do word-based expectations influence structural priming? Poster presented at the 22nd Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Bilbao, Spain, September 2016.
  3. Arai, M., Nakamura, C., & Hirose, Y. Priming from a previously predicted but unseen verb. Poster presented at the 22nd Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Bilbao, Spain, September 2016.
  4. Uchida, S., Arai, M., Miyamoto, E. T., & Hirose, Y. Prune early or prune late? Surprisal will cost you either way. Paper presented at Annual CUNY conference on Human Sentence Processing. Los Angeles, U.S.A., March 2015.
  5. Nakamura, C., Arai, M., & Hirose, Y. What is helpful for native speakers can be misleading for L2 learners: Evidence for misinterpretation of contrastive prosody. Poster presented at Annual CUNY conference on Human Sentence Processing. Los Angeles, U.S.A., March 2015.
  6. Arai, M., Nakamura, C. & Hirose, Y. Thematic fit does not always help ambiguity resolution. Poster presented at 20th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Edinburgh, U.K. September 2014.
  7. Arai, M., Hirose, Y. & Nakamura, C. Getting ready for a surprise. Poster presented at 20th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Edinburgh, U.K. September 2014.
  8. Arai, M. & Jaeger, T. F. Great expectation follows big surprise: Direct evidence for syntactic adaptation from eye-movements. Poster presented at Annual CUNY conference on Human Sentence Processing. Columbus, U.S.A., March 2014.
  9. Yamada, T., Arai, M., & Hirose, Y. Unforced revision in the processing of relative clause association ambiguity in Japanese. Paper presented at Annual CUNY conference on Human Sentence Processing. Columbus, U.S.A., March 2014.
  10. Nakamura, C., Arai, M., Harada, Y., & Hirose, Y. Processing Filler-gap dependencies in L2: Evidence for the use of subcategorization information. Poster presented at Annual CUNY conference on Human Sentence Processing. Columbus, U.S.A., March 2014.
  11. Jin, L., Deng, Y., Arai, M., & Hirose, Y. An effect of verb repetition in the production of head-final passive construction. Poster presented at Annual CUNY conference on Human Sentence Processing. Columbus, U.S.A., March 2014.
  12. Arai, M., Miyamoto, E. T., Hirose, Y. & Nakamura, C., The influence of structural ambiguity on an antilocality effect in Japanese. Poster presented at the 19th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Marseille, France, September 2013.
  13. Arai, M., Miyamoto, E. T., Nakamura, C., & Hirose, Y. Surprising Surprisal: No free lunch during sentence comprehension. Paper presented at the 14th Tokyo Conference on Psycholinguistics, Keio University, Japan, March 2013.
  14. Arai, M., Hirose, Y., Nakamura, C., & Miyamoto, E. T. Priming the internal structure of noun-phrases in comprehension. Poster presented at the 18th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Riva del Garda, Italy, September 2012.
  15. Nakamura, C. & Arai, M. What makes readers to commit to (incorrect) pre-head attachment in Japanese? Poster presented at the 18th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Riva del Garda, Italy, September 2012.
  16. Nakamura, C., & Arai, M. The persistence of the initial misanalysis without pragmatic inference: Evidence from Japanese relative clause structure. Paper presented at Annual CUNY conference on Human Sentence Processing. New York, U.S.A., March 16, 2012.
  17. Ito, K., Hirose, Y., & Arai, M. Interactions between syntactic priming and contrastive prosody in Japanese. Paper presented at Experimental and Theoretical Advances in Prosody 2, Montreal, Canada, September 2011.
  18. Arai, M., Nakamura, C., & Mazuka, R. (2011). Predicting a dispreferred structural alternative as a result of syntactic priming in comprehension. Paper presented at the 17th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Paris, France, September 2011.
  19. Hirose, Y., Arai, M., & Ito, K. (2011). Facilitatory and interfering interactions between contrastive prosody and syntactic priming. Poster presented at the 17th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Paris, France, September 2011.
  20. Nakamura, C., Arai, M., & Mazuka, R. (2011). Prediction of the correct structural analysis driven by contextually appropriate prosodic information. Poster presented at the 17th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Paris, France, September 2011.
  21. Nakamura, C., Arai, M., & Mazuka, R. Listeners can use prosodic cues to avoid being garden-pathed. Poster presented at the 24th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Stanford, U.S.A., March 2011.
  22. Arai, M., Hill, R., de Ruiter, J.P., & Bard, E.G. The Illusion of Mutual Visibility. Poster presented at the 24th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Stanford, U.S.A., March 2011.
  23. Arai, M., Nakamura, C., & Mazuka, R. An anticipatory effect of syntactic priming in processing garden-path sentences. Poster presented at the 24th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Stanford, U.S.A., March 2011.
  24. Arai, M., Ito, K., & Hirose, Y. Do prosodic cues enhance or attenuate an effect of syntactic priming? Poster presented at the 24th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Stanford, U.S.A., March 2011.
  25. Arai, M. & Mazuka, R. Linking syntactic priming with children's linguistic competence: a visual world eye-tracking study. Poster presented at the 16th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, York, UK, September 2010.
  26. Arai, M. & Mazuka, R. Syntactic priming as an index of children's syntactic knowledge: Evidence from a visual world eye-tracking study. Poster presented at the 23th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, New York, U.S.A., March 2010.
  27. Arai, M. & Keller, F. The use of verb-specific information for prediction in sentence processing. Paper presented at Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Cambridge, UK, September 2008.
  28. Arai, M., Keller, F., & Demberg, V. Evidence for the prediction of modifiers during sentence processing. Poster presented at Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Cambridge, UK, September 2008.
  29. Carminati, M. N., Van Gompel, R. P. G., Scheepers, C., & Arai, M. The role of animacy and lexical overlap in the priming of ditransitive structures in comprehension, Poster presented at Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Turku, Finland, August 2007.
  30. Pickering, M. J., Arai, M., Haywood, S, and Kreysa, H. How do the eyes reflect syntactic alignment? Paper presented at the Experimental Psychology Society meeting, Edinburgh, U.K., July 2007.
  31. Scheepers, C., Williams, R. S., Mohr, S., Arai, M., & van Gompel, R.P.G. Sometimes it’s better to donate than to give: Syntactic projections in on-line sentence comprehension. Poster presented at the 20th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, San Diego, U.S.A., March 2007.
  32. Arai, M., Pickering, M. J., Haywood, S. & Kreysa, H. How do the eyes reflect syntactic co-ordination? Paper presented at the 20th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, San Diego, U.S.A., March 2007.
  33. Kreysa, H., Arai M., Haywood. S. & Pickering, M. J. Does syntactic alignment lead to alignment of eye-movements? Poster presented at the 12th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Nijmegen, Netherlands, September 2006.
  34. Van Gompel, R. P. G. Arai, M. & Pearson, J. Structural priming magnitudes are affected by frequency of the prime structure. Poster presented at the 19th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, New York, U.S.A., March 2006.
  35. Arai, M., Van Gompel, R. P. G. & Scheepers, C. Structural priming in comprehension: Evidence from visual-world paradigm. Paper presented at the 13th European Conference on Eye Movements, Bern, Switzerland, August 2005.
  36. Arai, M., Van Gompel, R. P. G. & Scheepers, C. Priming ditransitive structures in comprehension. Paper presented at the 18th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Tucson, U.S.A., April 2005.
  37. Van Gompel, R. P. G., Pearson, J., Pickering, M. J. & Arai, M. Evidence for early reanalysis and late, strategic competition. Poster presented at the 18th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Tucson, U.S.A., April 2005.
  38. Arai, M., Scheepers, C. & Van Gompel, R. P. G. PO/DO priming in comprehension: A visual world eye-movement study. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Aix en Provence, France, September 2004.
  39. Van Gompel, R. P. G., Arai, M. & Pearson, J. Representing verb transitivity information: Evidence from syntactic priming. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Aix en Provence, France, September 2004.
  40. Arai, M., Van Gompel, R. P. G. & Pearson, J. Transitives, intransitives and passives: How is transitivity represented? Poster presented at the 17th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, Maryland, U.S.A., March 2004.
  41. Arai, M., Van Gompel, R. P. G. & Pearson, J. The representation of transitivity information. Paper presented at the 9th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing, Glasgow, U.K., August 2003.